الزبوت النباتية المستخدمة فى تصنيع الصابون الطبى (خواصها/مواصفاتها/كمية الاضافة)
عدد المساهمات : 3492
تاريخ التسجيل : 15/09/2009
العمر : 49
الموقع : مصر
|موضوع: الزبوت النباتية المستخدمة فى تصنيع الصابون الطبى (خواصها/مواصفاتها/كمية الاضافة) الخميس ديسمبر 11, 2014 11:27 pm|| |
Oils used in soapmaking...
Composition and Characteristics:
Apricot Kernel Oil
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, moisturizing. A smooth and lightweight
oil, high in Vitamin A and minerals, Apricot kernel oil is often used for superfatting. Also popular as a massage oil, Known for its ability
to penetrate the skin without leaving an oily feel, apricot kernel oil has a superb texture that is great for all skin types.
Palmitic 7-32 %
Often used for superfatting soaps, avocado oil contains vitamins A, D, and E, which makes it healing as well as moisturizing. Also used in massage
oils, creams, lotions and hair products.
Babassu Seed Oil
|Contributes to: soap hardness, fluffy lather, quicker trace. Beneficial for both dry and oily complexions, gently moisturizing the skin without contributing to an oily sheen. Especially suitable for eczema, itchy, dry and inflamed skin.|
Beeswax can help make a somewhat harder bar of soap. Used at 1% to 3% of total oils, acts as an emulsifier while stirring/blending to trace and may help prevent "soap ash" while curing. Inhibits lather at higher amounts. Natural, unrefined beeswax has the smell of honey which persists through saponification better than if honey itself is used. Beeswax contains a high percentage of unsaponifiables. Also used in creams, lotions, lip balms, candle making, polishes, inks, cosmetics, and ointments. In cosmetics, it is used as a thickener, emulsifier and stiffening agent in creams, lotions, lipsticks, etc. Beeswax has emollient, soothing and softening properties and helps the skin retain
Borage Seed Oil
Gamma Linolenic 20.5%
|Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning. Goes rancid very quickly. This oil is degraded by heat, light, humidity, and exposure to oxygen. It should be stored in a cool, dark place. Borage oil is one of the richest sources of gamma linolenic acid plus it contains important vitamins and minerals. It is often used in high-end cosmetic formulations to nourish and hydrate the skin. Said to be beneficial for maturing skin and for damaged skin where regeneration of new skin cells is needed.|
Alpha Linoleic 10%
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, slower trace, softer soap. Use it to partially replace more expensive oils like olive. Canola oil is actually from a modified variety of rapeseed. Canola oil from Canada
continues to be modified in competition with American soybean oil for
increased oleic acid content.
Contributes to: fluffy lather, stable lather, conditioning, moisturizing, quicker
trace, softer soap. Often used to superfat soaps. Castor oil is unique in being almost entirely composed of ricinoleic fatty acid, found in no
other oils and possessing a high affinity for water molecules. This makes it an excellent humectant, attracting and holding moisture to the
skin. Castor oil should be used at low percentages to avoid overly soft
soaps. Also often used in balms, shampoos, hair oils, and other thick emulsions for the skin and hair.
|Contributes to: soap hardness, fluffy lather, quicker trace. Coconut oil makes soaps lather beautifully but can be drying when it makes up an overly large portion of your soap's fats. It will make a very hard, white bar of soap that lathers well even in very hard water - even in sea water. Coconut oil is light and not greasy and is resistant to spoiling. Used in skin care formulations, coconut oil is emollient, moisturizing, conditioning and protecting to the skin. This oil is solid at room temperatures under 76 degrees and liquid at higher temperatures.|
A more hydrogenated/saturated version of coconut oil. Makes a harder bar
at cost of some lathering. This oil is solid at room temperatures under 92 degrees and liquid at higher temperatures.
|Fractionated coconut oil is processed by steam distillation to increase its proportion of shorter-chain fatty acids. A light, non-greasy, non-staining, liquid oil with an indefinite shelf life. Often used in massage oils and as a carrier for essential oils. It is a good ubstitute for sweet almond oil in lotions, etc if you are concerned about rancidity or a short shelf life.|
Contributes to: soap hardness, stable lather, conditioning, moisturizing, quicker
trace. When used as a superfatting oil it acts to lay down a protective layer which holds moisture to the skin. It has a natural chocolate scent but it is also available in an unscented version. Cocoa butter contains natural antioxidants that help to prevent rancidity. It is an excellent moisturizer that melts at body temperature, leaving the skin feeling soft and silky smooth.
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, soft soap.
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, silky feel. Cottonseed oil produces thick and lasting lather, in addition to having emollient properties. It can be vulnerable to rancidity, depending on storage temperature and
|Crisco consists of partially hydrogenated vegetable oil, containing canola and/or soybean oil plus palm oil. The proportions of these constituent oils may vary according to market conditions, season and location around the country. This, plus its partial hydrogenation makes the SAP value of Crisco variable. For this reason, results given by lye calculators for soap recipe formulas containing Crisco are only approximate.|
Used as a superfatting oil in soapmaking. Emu Oil is reported to help heal skin tissues and help draw other ingredients down into the skin so they
are more effective.
عدد المساهمات : 3492
تاريخ التسجيل : 15/09/2009
العمر : 49
الموقع : مصر
|موضوع: رد: الزبوت النباتية المستخدمة فى تصنيع الصابون الطبى (خواصها/مواصفاتها/كمية الاضافة) الخميس ديسمبر 11, 2014 11:38 pm|| |
Evening Primrose Oil
Gamma Linolenic 9-11%
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, emollience. Evening primrose oil is an
exceptionally fine textured oil. Absorbed quickly into the skin, it is one of the most popular sources of an essential fatty acid called Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA). Evening primrose oil is said to be effective in helping those with dry skin, eczema and psoriasis.
Flax Seed Oil,
Alpha Linolenic 53%
Flax seed oil is said to soften and heal skin abrasions and scars and to reduce swelling and redness of rashes and lesions from skin disease. Also used in creams, lotions and balms.
Used in soaps as a superfatting oil, grapeseed oil is a lightweight oil that absorbs into the skin quickly without leaving a heavy greasy feeling. It has mildly astringent qualities and is said to be useful for acne and other skin complaints.
Palmitic 4 - 6%
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, moisturizing, softer soap, slower trace. Hazelnut Oil has a soft, natural, nutty fragrance and contains vitamins, minerals, and protein. An excellent carrier for essential oils, hazelnut oil is very easily absorbed, leaving no oily residue.
Hemp Seed Oil
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, silky feel, softer soap, slower trace. Hemp seed oil is not as stable as some other oils and can spoil quickly. It creates a silky bar of soap even if it is only used to superfat your batch. Since it is prone to spoilage, keep it as a small percentage of your mix to avoid having a soft soap that may spoil in a few months. Store unused oil in the freezer or refrigerator. Fresh hemp seed oil has a green color which becomes lighter with age. Hemp seed oil will warn you with a painty smell long before it is actually rancid. It is rich with proteins, vitamins, minerals, and essential fatty acids and is excellent for all skin and hair needs. The hemp seed oil used in cosmetics and skin care products does not contain the psychoactive THC component and is therefore not subject to any legal restriction.
(in a liquid wax)
Contributes to: stable lather , conditioning, moisturizing, quicker trace. Pronounced "ho-ho-ba". Actually mostly a liquid wax, jojoba does not lather much of itself, but rather acts to make existing lather from other oils more stable and long lasting. Jojoba is good at conditioning skin. Because of its expense, it's usually used to superfat soap batches or in shampoo bars. It is said to be an excellent emollient for skin conditions like psoriasis or acne and has a chemical composition very close to the skin's own sebum. Jojoba oil is easily absorbed by the skin and promotes silky smooth skin. Jojoba Oil is stable and long lasting.
Kukui Nut Oil
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, silky feel. Kukui nut oil is quickly absorbed into the skin. Excellent for skin conditioning after sun exposure and is said to be beneficial for acne, eczema, and psoriasis.
(contains a very small amount of saponifiables)
Contributes to: soap hardness, conditioning, silky feel, quicker trace. Does not contribute to lather. Lanolin is almost totally unsaponifiable and therefore remains unchanged through the soapmaking process. Lanolin is temperature sensitive, so keep temperatures around 110°F when adding to
soap. Lanolin is also used as an emulsifier for lotions and creams. Lanolin is obtained from the wax found on sheep's wool, refined and purified to cosmetic specifications. Excellent emollient, skin lubricant and protectant, capable of absorbing water in an amount equal
to 50% of its weight.
Contributes to: soap hardness, stable lather, conditioning, quicker trace. Lard is
made from pig fat. Its advantages are that it is cheap, easily obtainable, and makes a nice lathery, white bar of soap. This fat should be combined with vegetable oils such as coconut or palm. Without
other oils it can tend to not work very well in cold water.
Macadamia Nut Oil
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, moisturizing, silky feel. Macadamia has a long shelf life. It is easily absorbed into the skin and acts as an emollient. It is said to protect skin cells from deterioration and thus lead to better skin condition.
Mango butter is yellowish and has almost no scent. It is a great moisturizer and should be used to superfat soap.
Monoi de Tahiti Oil
Monoi de Tahiti oil is expensive, luxurious product made from coconut oil. It has wonderful moisturizing properties and is great for your skin.
Contributes to: stable lather , conditioning. Said to have the ability to treat a variety of skin disorders such as dandruff.
Contributes to: soap hardness, stable lather, slippery feel, conditioning, moisturizing, Olive Oil attracts external moisture to your skin, helping to keep skin soft and supple. Traditionally "Castile" soap was made using only olive oil, but the term has loosened now to include soaps that have olive oil as a major proportion of the oils in them.
Olive Oil (pomace)
Pomace olive oil contains a larger proportion of unsaponifiable ingredients. This slightly affects its SAP value and imparts a greenish color to the oil and to soaps made with it. Some prefer pomace oil to grade A olive oil for soapmaking.
Contributes to: soap hardness, stable lather, conditioning, silky feel, quicker trace. Palm oil makes a hard bar that cleans well and is also mild. It is a good substitute for animal tallow in all-vegetable soaps. Palm oil is processed from the flesh of the fruit of tropical oil palm plants. This oil is solid at cool temperatures, becomes slushy at warm temperatures and a golden, clear liquid at higher temperatures.
Palm Kernel Oil
Contributes to: soap hardness, fluffy lather, quicker trace. Palm Kernel oil makes a soap that is very hard and lathers well. Palm kernel oil is processed from the core nut of the fruit of the same tropical oil palm plants that palm oil is derived from, but its composition and properties are
not similar to palm oil. It is instead very similar to coconut oil and can be substituted for some of the coconut oil in soap formulas to make
a harder bar. This oil is solid at room temperatures.
Palm Kernel Flakes
A more hydrogenated version of palm kernel oil. Makes a harder bar of soap. This oil is hard and solid at room temperatures and is sold in flakes form.
Peach Kernel Oil
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, moisturizing. Can be used as an equivalent to apricot kernel oil.
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, softer soap. Peanut oil contributes long-lasting lather to a soap. It is prone to spoilage. Peanut oil has a good amount of vitamin E.
(contains some saponifiables)
Pine tar has been used in some soaps "since the old days" and is said to be helpful for psoriasis, dandruff, eczema and other skin irritations. Brown in color, with a distinctive scent. Pine tar will consume some lye in the soapmaking process and for this reason should be considered as one of the base oils or as a superfatting oil in soap formulas.
Rice Bran Oil
Linoleic 32 - 47%
Oleic 32 - 38%
Rice bran oil is moisturizing and is a good choice for inclusion in formulations intended for mature, delicate or sensitive skin.
(contains approx. 95% saponifiable resins)
Rosin can be dissolved in heated oils as part of solid or liquid soap formulations and adds a voluminous, creamy lather. It saponifies in a manner similar to fatty acids in oils, with the resultant soap referred to as "sodium (or potassium) resinate". Rosin soap was considered to be a foaming agent and dissolved rosin was considered a hair body enhancer in soap shampoos in "the old days". Gum rosin is a residue obtained after distilling turpentine oil from the resin tapped from pine trees. Rosin can also be produced along with turpentine by the heating and distillation of resinous pine wood chips. Color can vary from clear to a deep, reddish brown. Because it can be derived from various species of pine trees around the world and by different methods, its SAP value can vary somewhat.
عدد المساهمات : 3492
تاريخ التسجيل : 15/09/2009
العمر : 49
الموقع : مصر
|موضوع: رد: الزبوت النباتية المستخدمة فى تصنيع الصابون الطبى (خواصها/مواصفاتها/كمية الاضافة) الخميس ديسمبر 11, 2014 11:42 pm|| |
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, moisturizing, silky feel, softer soap. Safflower oil is an unsaturated oil, valuable for its moisturizing properties. Limited shelf life. It has an exceptionally high linoleic acid content and is an excellent moisturizing choice for in skin creams and lotions.
Sesame Seed Oil
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, moisturizing, silky feel, softer soap. Sesame oil makes a good superfatting oil. Has a strong nutty
scent. Sesame oil has excellent longevity in massage preparations and is said to be good for psoriasis, eczema, rheumatism, and arthritis.
Contributes to: soap hardness, stable lather, conditioning, silky, slippery feel, quicker trace. Shea butter is a popular superfatting agent and contains a large percentage of ingredients that do not react with the lye, thus remaining in the soap to nourish your skin. Shea butter is said to be beneficial for treating dry skin, blemishes, skin discoloration, scars and wrinkles.
Alpha Linoleic 7%
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, slower trace. Soybean oil from America continues to be modified in competition with Canadian canola oil for increased oleic acid content.
Stearic Acid is a component of many animal and vegetable oils. It can be used by itself in soaps to increase hardness. When derived from palm oil, it is sometimes known as palm stearin. Stearic acid is also used as a
thickener in creams and lotions. In candle making, wax with a low melt point is made harder with the addition of stearic acid.
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, silky feel, softer soap, slower trace. Sunflower oil contains Vitamin E, so it naturally resists going rancid.
Sweet Almond Oil
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning, moisturizing. Often used for superfatting soaps. Sweet almond oil is often used as an emollient in skin creams and balms.
Contributes to: soap hardness, stable lather, conditioning, quicker trace.
Turkey Red Oil
(contains no saponifiables)
A modified castor oil, turkey red oil is totally unsaponifiable and therefore remains unchanged through the soapmaking process. Turkey red oil also has the unique characteristic of being fully soluble in water, making it the only oil that can be used to superfat clear liquid soaps without clouding the resulting product. Can be used in shampoos for emollience with rinsability. The name "turkey red" derives from its historical use in the preparation of red dyed cloth.
Alpha Linoleic 5%
An emollient oil which is said to help regenerate, tone and moisturize damaged dry skin and to aid in preventing wrinkles, controlling eczema, dandruff and rough, dry or sunburned skin.
Wheat Germ Oil
Contributes to: stable lather, conditioning. Wheat germ oil is emollient, anti-oxidant and rich in natural vitamin E. Can be used to nourish dry or cracked skin and soothes skin problems such as eczema and psoriasis. Wheat germ oil should be kept refrigerated.