مجموعة تكنولاب البهاء جروب

تحاليل وتنقية ومعالجة المياه
 
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 للتحاليل الكيميائية والطبية
والتشخيص بالنظائر المشعة
 للمخدرات والهرمونات والسموم
 وتحاليل المياه

مجموعة
تكنولاب البهاء جروب
لتصميم محطات الصرف الصناعى والصحى
لمعالجة مياه الصرف الصناعى والصحى
مجموعة تكنولاب البهاء جروب
المكتب الاستشارى العلمى
دراسات علمية كيميائية



معالجة الغلايات وانظمة البخار المكثف
معالجة ابراج التبريد المفتوحة
معالجة الشيللرات
مجموعة تكنولاب البهاء جروب
اسنشاريين
كيميائيين/طبيين/بكترولوجيين
عقيد دكتور
بهاء بدر الدين محمود
رئيس مجلس الادارة
استشاريون متخصصون فى مجال تحاليل وتنقية ومعالجة المياه
متخصصون فى تصنيع وتصميم كيماويات
معالجة الصرف الصناعى والصحى
حسب كل مشكلة كل على حدة
تصنيع وتحضير كيماويات معالجة المياه الصناعية
مؤتمرات/اجتماعات/محاضرات/فريق عمل متميز
صور من وحدات معالجة المياه


technolab el-bahaa group
TECHNOLAB EL-BAHAA GROUP
EGYPT
FOR
WATER
TREATMENT/PURIFICATION/ANALYSIS
CONSULTANTS
CHEMIST/PHYSICS/MICROBIOLIGIST
 
INDUSTRIAL WATER
WASTE WATER
DRINKING WATER
TANKS CLEANING
 
CHAIRMAN
COLONEL.DR
BAHAA BADR EL-DIN
0117156569
0129834104
0163793775
0174041455

 

 

 

تصميم وانشاء محطات صرف صناعى/waste water treatment plant design

technolab el-bahaa group
egypt
We are a consultants in water treatment with our chemicals as:-
Boiler water treatment chemicals
Condensated steam treatment chemicals
Oxygen scavenger treatment chemicals
Ph-adjustment treatment chemicals
Antiscale treatment chemicals
Anticorrosion treatment chemicals
Open cooling tower treatment chemicals
Chillers treatment chemicals
Waste water treatment chemicals
Drinking water purification chemicals
Swimming pool treatment chemicals
Fuel oil improver(mazote/solar/benzene)
technolab el-bahaa group
egypt
We are consultants in extraction ,analysis and trading the raw materials of mines as:-
Rock phosphate
32%-30%-28%-25%
Kaolin
Quartez-silica
Talcum
Feldspae(potash-sodumic)
Silica sand
Silica fume
Iron oxid ore
Manganese oxid
Cement(42.5%-32.5%)
Ferro manganese
Ferro manganese high carbon

 

water treatment unit design


 

وكلاء لشركات تركية وصينية لتوريد وتركيب وصيانة الغلايات وملحقاتها
solo agent for turkish and chinese companies for boiler production/manufacture/maintance

 

وكلاء لشركات تركية وصينية واوروبية لتصنيع وتركيب وصيانة ابراج التبريد المفتوحة

 

تصميم وتوريد وتركيب الشيللرات
design/production/maintance
chillers
ابراج التبريد المفتوحة
مجموعة تكنولاب البهاء جروب
المكتب الاستشارى العلمى
قطاع توريد خطوط انتاج المصانع
 
نحن طريقك لاختيار افضل خطوط الانتاج لمصنعكم
سابقة خبرتنا فى اختيار خطوط الانتاج لعملاؤنا
 
1)خطوط انتاج العصائر الطبيعية والمحفوظة والمربات
2)خطوط انتاج الزيوت الطبيعية والمحفوظة
3)خطوط انتاج اللبن الطبيعى والمحفوظ والمبستر والمجفف والبودرة
4)خطوط تعليب وتغليف الفاكهة والخضروات
5)خطوط انتاج المواسير البلاستيك والبى فى سى والبولى ايثيلين
6)خطوط انتاج التراى كالسيوم فوسفات والحبر الاسود
7)خطوط انتاج الاسفلت بانواعه
Coolمحطات معالجة الصرف الصناعى والصحى بالطرق البيولوجية والكيميائية
9)محطات معالجة وتنقية مياه الشرب
10)محطات ازالة ملوحة البحار لاستخدامها فى الشرب والرى
11)الغلايات وخطوط انتاج البخار الساخن المكثف
12)الشيللرات وابراج التبريد المفتوحة وخطوط انتاج البخار البارد المكثف
 
للاستعلام
مجموعة تكنولاب البهاء جروب
0117156569
0129834104
0163793775
 
القاهرة-شارع صلاح سالم-عمارات العبور-عمارة 17 ب
فلا تر رملية/كربونية/زلطيه/حديدية

وحدات سوفتنر لازالة عسر المياه

مواصفات مياه الشرب
Drinking water
acceptable
values

50

colour

acceptable

Taste

nil

Odour

6.5-9.2

ph

 

1 mg/dl

pb

5 mg/dl

as

50 mg/dl

cn

10 mg/dl

cd

0-100mg/dl

hg

8 mg/dl

f

45 mg/dl

N02

1 mg/dl

Fe

5 mg/dl

Mn

5.1 mg/dl

Cu

200 mg/dl

Ca

150 mg/dl

Mg

600 mg/dl

Cl

400 mg/dl

S04

200 mg/dl

Phenol

15 mg/dl

zn

 

 

الحدود المسموح به
ا لملوثات الصرف الصناعى
 بعد المعالجة
Acceptable
values
treated wate water
7-9.5

ph

25-37 c

Temp

40 mg/dl

Suspended solid

35 mg/dl

bod

3 mg/dl

Oil & grase

0.1 mg/dl

hg

0.02 mg/dl

cd

0.1 mg/dl

cn

0.5mg/dl

phenol

1.5 ds/m

conductivity

200 mg/dl

na

120 mg/dl

ca

56 mg/dl

mg

30 mg/dl

k

200 mg/dl

cl

150 mg/dl

S02

0.75 mg/dl

Fe

0.2 mg/dl

Zn

0.5 mg/dl

Cu

0.03 mg/dl

Ni

0.09 mg/dl

Cr

0.53 mg/dl

لb

0.15 mg/dl

pb

 





pipe flocculator+daf
plug flow flocculator
lamella settels

محطات تحلية مياه البحر بطريقة التقطير الومضى على مراحل
MSF+3.jpg (image)
محطات التقطير الومضى لتحلية مياه البحر2[MSF+3.jpg]
some of types of tanks we services
انواع الخزانات التى يتم تنظيفها
ASME Specification Tanks
Fuel Tanks
Storage Tanks
Custom Tanks
Plastic Tanks
Tank Cleaning Equipment
Double Wall Tanks
Septic Tanks
Water Storage Tanks
Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic Tanks
Stainless Steel Tanks
Custom / Septic
مراحل المعالجة الاولية والثانوية والمتقدمة للصرف الصناعى

صور مختلفة
من وحدات وخزانات معالجة الصرف الصناعى
 التى تم تصميمها وتركيبها من قبل المجموعة

صور
 من خزانات الترسيب الكيميائى والفيزيائى
 لوحدات معالجة الصرف الصناعى
المصممة من قبل المحموعة



technolab el-bahaa group


technolab el-bahaa group


technolab el-bahaa group

technolab el-bahaa group


technolab el-bahaa group


technolab el-bahaa group


technolab el-bahaa group


technolab el-bahaa group


technolab el-bahaa group


technolab el-bahaa group




مياه رادياتير اخضر اللون
بريستول تو ايه
انتاج شركة بريستول تو ايه - دمياط الجديدة
مجموعة تكنولاب البهاء جروب

اسطمبات عبوات منتجات شركة بريستول تو ايه-دمياط الجديدة

مياه رادياتير خضراء فوسفورية

من انتاج شركة بريستول تو ايه 

بترخيص من مجموعة تكنولاب البهاء جروب


زيت فرامل وباكم

DOT3



شاطر | 
 

 تقطير النباتات العطرية

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تاريخ التسجيل : 15/09/2009
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مُساهمةموضوع: تقطير النباتات العطرية   الإثنين مارس 14, 2016 4:42 am

Plants and Distillation


Portable distillers easily transform plant material into essential oils right in the field.


Documented distillation of plants dates back to the 10th century. 


Hundreds of chemicals used in products from paint thinners to pain killers came from naturally occurring chemicals found in plants. 


While there are many other methods and new technologies to extract the precious chemistry of plants, distillation is a reasonable simple process for plants which are not damaged by heat. 


Essential oils, extracts and hydrosols are the basic offerings of this process.


Following is a Q & A about distillation.


What is Distillation and How Does it Work?



Distillation is the art of removing these precious chemicals via high pressure steam or mix of steam and boiling water.


To begin distillation, the appropriate amount of plant material is packed into a hopper. The canister is sealed to create atmospheric pressure.


The correct amount of water is added for that batch and then heated.


Steam is created by either boiling the water in the hopper or injecting steam and forced through the pressurized hopper or vessel containing the plants.


The heat of the steam ruptures the molecules in the plant and carries the particles of essential oil and other constituents through a cooling system into another container.


When the steam passes through the cooling unit, it reverts back to water, where it separates from the essential oil  because of their different densities.


Essential oils are lighter than water and will therefore float on top.


Water soluble chemicals will stay mixed with water creating extracts or hydrosols. Following is a brief description of three basic methods.



Water Distillation







For this method, the plant material is submerged in water. The water is then heated to boiling 


point  During this process, there is direct contact between boiling water and plant material. 


All parts of the plant material must be kept moving by the motion of boiling water.


This method is used with plant material that can’t be easily be broken down with steam or water and steam distillation such as cinnamon bark.




Water and Steam Distillation





Water and steam distillation methods employ the same basic equipment as water distillers.


The fundamental difference is the plant material is set on a perforated grill above the water as opposed to being immersed in the water.


This method is more energy efficient as the essential oil is produced at a much faster rate with higher yields.


Thermal degradation is reduced as well. Many oils which contain significant aldehydes such as lemongrass are still produced this way.




Direct Steam Distillation





This type of distiller is designed quite differently than water and water steam distillers.


 There is no water in the hopper with the plant material.


Steam is generated in a separate boiler chamber and then injected into the plant material from outside the still.


The plant material is placed on a perforated grid above the steam inlet.


A real advantage of steam generation is that the amount of steam can be readily controlled. Because steam is generated in a satellite boiler,


the plant material can be heated at lower temperatures of 90- 100° C reducing thermal degradation. 


A drawback to steam distillation is the much higher capital expenditure on such equipment. 


Many mass produced essential oils such as rosemary,  lavender and eucalyptus, are produced this way


Do All Plants Produce Essential Oils?   




No they don’t.  In fact of the hundreds of thousands of plant species, only a few thousand may be capable of producing an essential oil. 


Therefore, when companies state that essential oils are the “life blood of a plant” this is not true.




Can Any Plant be Distilled?





Theoretically, you can distill any plant material, however, you may not like the results.


Distillation is reserved for plants which are capable of producing an essential oil and not easily damaged by heat. 


Jasmine is one of the most coveted aromatic oils in the world but it can’t be distilled without serious thermal degradation which destroys the aromatic properties that make it so precious.
 
Given that it takes thousands of pounds of petals harvested during a few weeks of the year and a few hours of those days to produce even a few ounces of oil through other effective methods of extraction, it make no economical sense to waste any petals on distillation to produce an inferior product.




Are Plants Which Do Not Produce Essential Oil Distilled?                                                                     




Some plants such as witch hazel or sweetgrass which don’t produce an essential oil are distilled because their water is coveted for aromatic, spiritual and medicinal properties. 


Others can be concentrated to create water solubleextracts such as cucumber or green tea.




Are all Plants Distilled in the Same Amount of Time?




The amount of time for distillation per batch of plant material has a vast range dependent on the quality of oil required and the plant material itself.


This is where expertise of specific plants is necessary to produce a quality oil or one to specific industry standards.


For example, lavender can be distilled in one to two hours depending on batch size, whereas clove or cinnamon take much longer.




Different distillation times of a particular plant will create different grades. 


Ylang Ylang, a prized aromatic oil, has several grades (extra, 1 , 2, 3 and dark). 


The grades are indicative of distillation time with “extra”  and 1 being the shortest time, which produces the lowest yield, best aromatic properties and highest price. 


The perfume industry purchases most of these grades leaving very little for public consumption.  Grade 3 and dark, produce more oil because of longer distillation time, but is not considered fragrantly appealing so the price is dramatically reduced. 


These grades are usually destined for industrial purpose.
There is also no such thing as 2nd or 3rd distillation. 


A batch of plant material is distilled once and then discarded. 


Most often the plant material is spread back in the fields to provide nutrients and act as ground cover to reduce weeds.




Can an Essential Oil or Liquid Plant Extract be Distilled?   




Yes it can.  This is most often done to further process an oil to remove impurities or reduce high amounts of hazardous chemicals. 


Peppermint which may contain 50-80% menthol on initial distillation can be redistilled to reduce levels  under 40% content, making the oil more aromatic and safer to use. 


The menthol crystals that are removed are usually sold to pharmaceutical companies. 


Bitter orange which is initially expeller pressed, is then distilled to remove water and other impurities. 


many citrus oils are extracted via cold pressing but then distilled to remove photo sensitizing chemicals or isolate other aroma chemicals.  


This process is called “Folding”


Can Anyone Distill Essential Oil?  


Yes you can, however, some barriers to success include expertise in knowing how to distill different plants, access to large amounts of plant material, proper equipment and excessive use of utilities to run the machine. 


These variables may prove to be costly for the amount of oil produced. 


There is also the issue of danger since you are extracting volatile elements from plants which when concentrated can be flammable.  


Many alchemists blew themselves up trying to figure this out!


What Are  Hydrosols and How Are they Produced? 


A byproduct of distilling an essential oil; the leftover water or hydrosol  is used mainly in the cosmetic industry for creams, soaps, specialty ingredients etc. 


Only water soluble components end up in this water so don’t expect it to smell exactly like the essential oil.


Because these waters were created at high heat, their aromatic properties will better survive further manufacturing processes.


Some of the most popular hydrosols  are rose, orange blossom, chamomile and lavender water.  Beware of companies selling essential oils dissolved in water with chemicals or alcohols. 


These are not true hydrosols.  


Besides, you can make those for pennies a bottle.




Once science was able to extract a stable liquid via distillation which captured these aromatic and medicinal constituents, many things began to change.


A veritable library of books have been written on the advancement of medicines, perfumes, food flavorings and other commercial products which developed from this process, not to mention the quantum leaps forward with organic chemistry. 


Every single plant will also have different processes on successful distillation if it is possible.
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مُساهمةموضوع: طرق عدم اختلاط الزيت العطرى بالمياه   الإثنين مارس 14, 2016 4:49 am

Essential Oils Will Not Mix With Water!
 
Based on their chemistry, pure essential oils extracted via distillation will NOT mix with water.


Not only will they NOT mix with water, their specific gravity is lighter so they will float on top.


 Anyone who disputes this fact had better do some research on how essential oils are extracted from plants.


I have included a simple yet colourful diagram to demonstrate this process to those who are unfamiliar with essential oil distillation.


 you are reading this and are sure that YOUR essential oils will mix with water, think again.


If they do, they are probably already diluted with a solvent or alcohol which is a favorite trick of many essential oil companies. How do you think they can sell commodities such as these at a cheaper price than everyone else?




Conversely some will make ridiculous claims that their oils are sooo pure they’ll mix with water which is a false justification to charge excessively higher prices.


The irony is that if it is a pure undiluted essential oil with no chemical alterations.


it will not mix with water.


There are many chemicals which can solubilize essential oils so they become miscible with water but only a few are on the natural side.


One is glycerine, an unfermented alcohol which is very skin friendly, inexpensive and easy to obtain.


It does not completely break down all essential oils, but does enough of a job that the essential oil is dispersed safely when adding water.




The other option is alcohol, either pure ethyl alcohol (grain) or denatured alcohol which must be at least 60% while 100% (anhydrous) is optimal.


Pure ethyl alcohol is strictly controlled in Canada and costs a small fortune creating a barrier for the average person to obtain. Denatured is relatively inexpensive and not controlled, but there are few suppliers out there.


For those of us in Canada, vodka is not useful as our liquors are limited to 40%.




Contrary to many written resources, witch hazel can’t dissolve an essential oil either. 


I’m not sure where this myth comes from other than the idea that commercial witch hazels tend to contain up to 30% alcohol with the concentrated plant extract and the rest water. 


This is not nearly enough alcohol content to dissolve an essential since at least 60% is required.
An average ratio is 1 I.U. drop essential oil to 1 ml glycerine or alcohol.


This can vary slightly with different essential oils and the amounts you wish to dilute.


Once the essential oil is solubilized, you can add any amount of water required.


 If you do not take this step, you could end up with either an ineffective product or painful application.


For example if you create a room spray by adding essential oils and water in a bottle and shake before use, the essential oil will not make it to the bottom long enough to be sucked up through that little hose to the sprayer.


As the spray is used up, the essential oil will continue to float on top of the water.


What you are left with is a mess of oxidized essential oil in the bottom of the bottle. Ineffective product!
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